Self-directed language learning has changed as a result of the use of digital technology, and there are now countless online tools and spaces with great learning potential. A framework for evaluating communicative proficiency in foreign languages, the Common European Framework of References for Languages (CEFR), was created in 2001 and strongly emphasises “using a language for independent communication” (Mc Dermott., 2013). Information technologies, particularly social media, have recently had an impact on everyone’s daily lives in general and the academic community in particular (Slim & Hafedh, 2019). It is because of their numerous formats, which enable individuals to interact in a variety of ways, including blogs, social networks such as Facebook, Instagram, microblogs such as Twitter, wikis such as Wikipedia, video podcasts, and photo-sharing apps such as Snapchat. Applications like YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, and WhatsApp have significantly increased social engagement and information sharing in communities of both students and teachers.
Read more ….